Russia - World Fact - Hostel in Europe
Russia With its mysterious glory, Russia goes all the way from Europe to Asia, with so different places, impossible to imagine. Going to Moscow or St. Petersbourg will be two very differnt things. When you visit theese historical cities you will still feel the war hanging in the air, while seeing amazing 18th century palaces, canals, churches, whatever you can imagine. Russia is so immense that it would take several lifetimes to explore it completely, but don't let this deter you from trying and visiting this marvelous and vast land.
Russia is divided in Asian part (the major) and European part.
Area: 17.079.792 Km2 (12.841.000 Km2 asian part, 4.238.792 Km2 european part)
Population: 145.470.000 (2001 est.)
Density: 8,5 pop/Km2
System of government: Parlamientary Republic
Capital: Moscow (9.270.000 pop.)
Major cities: St. Petersburg 5.130.000 pop., Samara 1.500.000 pop., Novosibirsk 1.476.000 pop., Nizni Novgorod 1.400.000 pop., Jekaterinburg 1.315.000 pop., Omsk 1.122.000 pop., Caricyn 1.100.000 pop., Celjabinsk 1.100.000 pop., Kazan 1.100.000 pop., Perm 1.000.000 pop., Rostov-na-Donu 1.000.000 pop., Ufa 1.000.000 pop.
Ethnic majority: Russian 80%, Tatar 4%, Ukrainian 3%, Chuvash 1%
Border countries: Lithuania NORTH and Poland SOUTH (Kaliningrad), Norway NORTH-WEST, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus WEST, Ukraine SOUTH-WEST, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China and North Korea SOUTH
Principal mountains: Elbrus 5642 m
Principal rivers: Amur 4416 Km, Lena 4400 Km, Irtys 4400 Km, Jenisej 4092 Km, Ob 3680 Km, Volga 3530 Km
Principal lakes: Caspian Sea 371.000 Km2 (with azerbaijani, iranian, turkmen and kazakhstani parts), Lake Bajkal 31.500 Km2, Lake Ladoga 18.400 Km2, Lake Onega 9610 Km2, Bratsk Basin 5500 Km2, Samara Basin 5000 Km2, Rybinsk Basin 4550 Km2, Ozero Tajmyr 4500 Km2
Principal islands: Sahalin 76.400 Km2, Northern Novaja Zemlja 48.900 Km2, Southern Novaja Zemlja 33.275 Km2, Kotelny 12.019 Km2
Climate: Continental - polar
Religion: Orthodox 75%, Muslim and others 25%
Currency: Russian Ruble (RUR)
Fixed public holidays: +3
Dialling code: 1/1, 2/1, 7/1, 23/2, 8/3, 1/5, 2/5, 9/5, 12/6, 7/11, 12/12
World Heritage List: